A popular trend the last years is customised bikes. Many do not have a clear understanding just how much that can be achieved. How much can you do with steel, aluminium, carbon or titanium? If the proper measurements of a rider is taken, talks about the use, ride style and so forth have been done, you can have the dream bike made exclusively for you. Having a bespoke bike will be way better than a "fresh-off-the-belt-bike" in a shop. Naturally the prize differs a bit, depending on shop, what material you choose, wheels and of course the components. It is even possible to mix different materials as well, having a steel frame and a carbon fork for comfort.
Take a look at this video from @Aleksikoskinen showing just how many different possibilities Condor have to fit a custom bike to a customer:
Bike Fitting - Condor Cycles from Condor Cycles on Vimeo.
Here you will find a couple of brands who will make a bespoke bike to you. Feel free to add shops/brands in the comment field too, if you have experiences with bike building or bikefitting please add those too.
http://www.crisptitanium.com/ (with a lovely intro video)